A look at the start and end of the american civil war

Marines, under the command of future Confederate General Robert E.

What caused the civil war besides slavery

Like the insurgents in Iraq who weren't happy with the political outcome of the US - led invasion in However, neo-Confederate writers have claimed it as a Southern grievance. When Abraham Lincoln won election in as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America. Both sides are exhausted; the Union fails to press advantage as Lee retreats. Sherman extended even more generous terms than Grant had but endured the embarrassment of having to go back to Johnston with harsher conditions. In , Robert E. When Abraham Lincoln , the candidate of the explicitly antislavery Republican Party , won the presidential election , seven Southern states South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas carried out their threat and seceded, organizing as the Confederate States of America. Only one Confederate was executed, Henry Wirtz, commander of the notorious prison camp at Andersonville. In General William Tecumseh Sherman led his army deep into the Confederate heartland of Georgia and South Carolina, destroying their economic infrastructure while General George Thomas virtually destroyed the Confederacy's Army of Tennessee at the battle of Nashville. Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by , 84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states. Railroads, the telegraph , steamships, and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. Ayers thinks the messy struggle that followed the war is one reason Americans cling to the story of Appomattox. Despite heavy Union casualties in the Battle of the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania both May , at Cold Harbor early June and the key rail center of Petersburg June , Grant pursued a strategy of attrition, putting Petersburg under siege for the next nine months. Marines, under the command of future Confederate General Robert E. But the real fighting began in

At New Johnsonville, Tennessee, Forrest gained the distinction of commanding the only cavalry group ever to defeat gunboats, when they sunk or frightened crews into scuttling four ships. A desperate delaying action on July 9 at Monocacy, Maryland, by an outnumbered force under Lew Wallace—the future author of Ben Hur—bought the capital time to prepare.

A look at the start and end of the american civil war

At the town of Franklin, Hood ordered frontal assaults that after five hours of intense fighting, left his army in tatters; five generals were dead. The long, painful process of rebuilding a united nation free of slavery began.

american civil war timeline

But administration officials and pundits alike ignored it. After the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln had used the occasion of the Union victory at Antietam to issue a preliminary Emancipation Proclamationwhich freed all slaves in the rebellious states after January 1, Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision.

Two massacres marked

who fought in the civil war
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American Civil War