An analysis of the use of cellular phones while driving and the necessary safety measures

While this is the goal of the ticket, that is, to have the same effect of a pigouvian tax which is intended to correct an inefficient market outcome, and does so by being set equal to the social cost of the negative externalities, that us usually not the case of a ticket.

cell phone use while driving essay

For statement 3 hands-free vs. Text messaging had the greatest relative riskwith drivers being 23 times more likely to experience a safety-critical event when texting. Investigations revealed that the engineer of that train had sent 45 text messages while operating.

Disadvantages of using cellphone while driving

These two types of beliefs can be activated jointly to trigger a compensatory safe belief, such as "I can use a mobile phone now because I will slow down". Besides the legislative efforts, insurance companies could play a vital role to alleviate the increasing impairing effects of cell phone use on driving safety. Each state law, however, has its own unique features. As shown, these costs are best managed with government intervention through policy or legislation changes. Ticketing is often the best choice as it affects only those who are caught performing the illegal act. However, the former group is more likely to underestimate the effect of cell phone use on the PRT than the later group. Of distraction-related crashes, cell phone use may range from 1. With respect to driving patterns or experience, Not only does mobile phone use while driving jeopardize safety for the driver, anyone in the car, or others on the road but it also produces economic costs to all parties involved. The common conception is that passengers are able to better regulate conversation based on the perceived level of danger, therefore the risk is negligible. Social Economic Benefits[ edit ] While paying tickets may be an undesired cost to pay by those who are given the ticket, ticket payments can actually have positive impacts in reducing the externality discussed above and increasing the total welfare of society. Surprisingly, little research has directly addressed this problem [ 10 ]. The dataset contains information on 22 dichotomous, continuous or categorical variables including, for example, activities regulated e. A study by a University of South Carolina psychology researcher featured in the journal, Experimental Psychology, found that planning to speak and speaking put far more demands on the brain's resources than listening. Furthermore, drivers who use either phone type i.

Drivers holding conversations on cell phones were four times more likely to miss the highway exit than those with passengers, and drivers conversing with passengers showed no statistically significant difference from lone drivers in the simulator.

The graph does not show this theoretical situation because the data of how often tickets are given for mobile phone use while driving is not conclusive.

dangers of cellphone use while driving facts

Social Economic Benefits[ edit ] While paying tickets may be an undesired cost to pay by those who are given the ticket, ticket payments can actually have positive impacts in reducing the externality discussed above and increasing the total welfare of society.

In: Damos DL ed Multiple-task performance.

An analysis of the use of cellular phones while driving and the necessary safety measures

However, mobile phone use while driving represents a pervasive worldwide phenomenon, and a large number of drivers use their phones while driving. Typical distracting activities involved in mobile phone use while driving Self-regulatory behaviors are motivated by distracting activities in the context of driving, so it is necessary to understand the typical usage of mobile phones while driving. Prior to the introduction of this new law on 1 December , only learner and P1 provisional licence-holders were barred from using mobile phones in any capacity while driving, as P2 drivers faced the same restrictions as other licence-holders. The study also found that drivers typically take their eyes off the forward roadway for an average of four out of six seconds when texting, and an average of 4. Furthermore, drivers who use either phone type i. This is an obvious inconsistency between their actual performance and their subjective perception. Illinois became the 17th American state to enforce this law. NSW road rules were changed on 1 December for P2 drivers. A study by a University of South Carolina psychology researcher featured in the journal, Experimental Psychology, found that planning to speak and speaking put far more demands on the brain's resources than listening. The common conception is that passengers are able to better regulate conversation based on the perceived level of danger, therefore the risk is negligible. The graphs shows ticket implementation as having the same effect as a pigouvian tax. However: [64] California — As of January 1, , it is illegal to hold and use an electronic device while driving.
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Impacts of cell phone use on driving safety and drivers’ perception of risk