Political legitimacy

outline four features of legitimacy

Buchanan points out that this makes legitimacy a more fundamental normative concept than authority. Instead, it is argued, it is sufficient for political legitimacy if all can agree that a particular decision should be made, even if they disagree about the reasons that support this decision.

Appiah, Anthony, According to Kant, coercion is part of the idea of rights.

Political legitimacy

Kant famously denied that there is a right to revolution Kant, Perpetual Peace, Appendix II; for a recent discussion, see Flikschuh On those conceptions, the use of political coercion is legitimate if it is supported by substantive reasons that all reasonable persons can be expected to endorse. The more fundamental question, she argues, is what makes the constitution of a people legitimate. Bentham, Jeremy, []. Dahl, Robert A. Other objections, especially to Lockean versions, are about as old as consent theory itself. A well-known problem with the view that Bentham articulates is that it justifies restrictions of rights that liberals find unacceptable.

Public reason accounts tend to focus on the problem of justifying political coercion. This problem arises when the evaluation of alternative outcomes is logically connected to a set of independent premises. Cambridge: MIT Press. If people believe that existing political orders or laws are appropriate and worthy of obedience, then those orders and laws are legitimate.

what makes a government legitimate

This requirement includes a demand for minimal democracy. Such a state would be legitimate.

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Political Legitimacy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)